About

This Week

Classrooms

Field Reports

Student Projects

Field Trips

Chat Room

Media Library

Trail Guides

Schools

Search

           







Pimugans / Gabrielinos


Pimu, now known as Santa Catalina, is an island with native plant and animal life that sustained a population of up to 2,500 Pimugans with-out reliance on cultivated plants or domesticated animals. This means they were able to survive relying on natural wild life as a food source, and belies a natural environment that was diverse and replenishable. Their natural habitat apparently had more diversity than the other islands in the Channel archipelago, and was more similar to the plant and animal life found on the mainland. They developed expert stone carving and basket making skills inorder to gather, store, prepare and serve their food supplies in different seasons of the year.

Plants used by the island Pimugans were :

Jicama - a juicy root
Chia seeds - from sage
Islay - hollyleaf cherry
Indian milkweed - for chewing gum
Soaproot
Yellow jacket larvae - a delicacy
Caterpillars
Tule roots
Pine nuts
Black Sage - leaves dried and used as an herb
Chamise - Native Californians used branches of this for arrow shafts
Elderberry - ripe berries were eaten or made into a beverage
Galium - also known as bed straw - used for sleeping mats, and when collected in early spring was eaten like spinach
Lemonade Berry - berries made into a beverage similar to lemonade
Manzanita - berries were used to make cider or ground into flour
Minerís Lettuce - a succulent wild green that provides salad greens and a good source of vitamin C
Oak - an important part of the diet of native North Americans and was the basic flour for cakes and soups
Prickly Pear Cactus - green paddle-like branches and fruit are edible
Stinging Nettles - young leaves were cooked and plant fibers were made into string
Toyon - berries were dried and eaten like raisins
White Sage - leaves were dried and used as an herb and to make tea
Yarrow - medicinal uses

Animals harvested by the Pimugans include :

Whale
Seals
Sea Lions
Sea Otters
Sea Turtles
Island Fox
Dolphins
Snakes
Lizards
Woodpeckers
Squid
Sea Urchins
Abalone
Mussels
Crabs
Sardines
Anchovy
Bonito
Grunion
Bass


***