Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Wed, Oct 20, 9:07PM PST (-0800 GMT)
Welcome Camp Internet Expedition Teams. This morning we are honored to have Julia Domigues Parker visiting with us. Chat will begin at 9a.m. Julia Domingues Parker was born in 1929 to Lily Pete, a Pomo woman. She was placed in foster care in 1934 after her mother died. In 1948 she married Ralph Parker. They had four children. Julia learned to weave baskets from Tina Charlie, her husband's great aunt. She learned more from Carrie Bethel and Minnie Make and others. Julia is known throughout California for her basketweaving. She is an employee of the National Park Service and works in the Indian Cultural Program. Her philosophy is: "Take from the earth and give back to the earth, and don't forget to say please and thank you."

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 8:54AM PST (-0800 GMT)
We're here!

Timothy - Director - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:06AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Good Morning Julia - are classrooms should be comming online any minute. While they log in would you give us some background on your work with basket makeing.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:08AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Two interesting notes on todays chat - this is Julia's first use of an Internet chat session - and - I am online with you from Hawaii where we are exploring the Volcano and the Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary and she is online from Northern California, (Yosemite)

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:09AM PST (-0800 GMT)
My background on basket making started in 1948. Was a graduate of Stuart Indian school. It was there where I met my husband, Ralph Parker. My first summer was working in Yosemite National Park in the laundry. Later that year my husband and I were married in El Portal, down by the river. The family I married into happened to be my husband's grandmother, Lucy Telles. Lucy Telles was a great basket weaver from Yosemite National Park. I learned how to use baskets from Lucy, such as baby cradles, cooking baskets, winnowing trays, gift baskets, and gaming trays. (more)

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:11AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Lucy passed on and then I started my career with being a demonstrator in Yosemite National Park, not really knowing about basketry and how they were made until my husband helped me and we went to see his great aunt Tina Charlie and she was a little hesistant about talking to me and it was through my father-in-law who spoke Paiute language to her and explained to her what I wanted to know (how to make a basket).

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:12AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Camp Internet Trail Guides Web Todays Chat with Julia Domingues Parker Julia Domingues Parker Julia Domingues Parker was born in 1929 to Lily Pete, a Pomo woman. She was placed in foster care in 1934 after her mother died. In 1948 she married Ralph Parker. They had four children. Julia learned to weave baskets from Tina Charlie, her husband's great aunt. She learned more from Carrie Bethel and Minnie Make and others. Julia is known throughout California for her basketweaving. She is an employee of the National Park Service and works in the Indian Cultural Program. Her philosophy is: "Take from the earth and give back to the earth, and don't forget to say please and thank you."

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:13AM PST (-0800 GMT)
(I'm Jeffrey Trust and I'm typing for Julia today.)

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:15AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia: Do you teach new basketmakers today? Are the skills you teach given over only to tribal members or do you teach folks from other cultures as well?

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:16AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Good Morning Jeffrey - thanks for typing - I've had that same job during some of our most valuable chat sessions.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:16AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Yes, I teach new basket makers today. My daughter, Lucy, is under training with me. Yes, the skills are given to other tribal members and I teach anyone who is willing to learn, Indian and non-Indian.

Paradise Home School - Santa Barbara: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:17AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Are the baskets you make for art or for use in daily activity?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:18AM PST (-0800 GMT)
The baskets I make are for art and I use them in daily activities. On occassion, we will use cooking baskets for boiling acorns and winnowing acorns.

Paradise Home School - Santa Barbara: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:20AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia: Are there many different types of basket making techniques among Native California Tribes? Do those different techniques represent specific regional needs or specific regional spiritual beliefs?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:21AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Yes there are many types of different basket making techniques among native California tribes. The techniques represent specific regional needs and specific regional beliefs.

Mary - 6th grade - Ventura: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:23AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Are there pictures on the Internet of your work that I can see?

Mary - 6th grade - Ventura: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:23AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What are your baskets made from?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:24AM PST (-0800 GMT)
No.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:25AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Mary, my baskets are made of willow, split willow, redbud, sticks, split redbud, brackenfern root, sedge root, and grasses, bullrush root.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:27AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Story Tellings is such an important thing. We just began study of a Miwok Creation story - Do some of your baskets carry a story ?

Mary - 6th grade - Ventura: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:28AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - do you gather materials yourself for your baskets?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:29AM PST (-0800 GMT)
My baskets ... no, not really, they don't carry a story. Except we could say that triangles in baskets could represent the mountains and the zig-zag design could represent rivers and lightening.

sarah amy roger kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:29AM PST (-0800 GMT)
how do you make basket

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:29AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Mary, yes I do gather materials for myself when I weave my baskets. I've been taught by the elders that I should collect all my own material and respect the areas the materials grow in.

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:30AM PST (-0800 GMT)
how do you make a basket?

Martin - 6th grade - Ventura: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:31AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - has there been a lot of change in the way baskets are made since you first began?

Felicia,April kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:31AM PST (-0800 GMT)
hello this is Felicia and April.we want to know were was the first basket made from.

Monique Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:31AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Where was the first basket made at?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:32AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Sarah, Amy, Roger, Kimbark: How do I make a basket... good question! It takes many, many hours to learn how the plants grow, to watch the plants grow. One of the rules taught to me is to wait for the leaves to turn yellow and drop off. We then will select our sticks and grasses and fern roots, peel, split, and let them dry for one year. After they've dried for one year, then we go into looking at the willow strings, redbud strings, and brackenfern roots. We think about the basket we're going to make. For instance, if I were to make a mushbowl basket... (more)

Jerry,Leset,Diane Km.: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:32AM PST (-0800 GMT)
When was the first basket weaved?

CJJ kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:32AM PST (-0800 GMT)
when was the first basket made?

: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:33AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Hello, this is Kristen and Silvia How do you make baskets so they will last longer?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:33AM PST (-0800 GMT)
I really don't keep track of how many sticks I use or how long it takes to make a basket because I like to put a lot of pattern (like zigzags) and when you change from white to black color, you're always slowing down. So, again, how do you make a basket? I believe it comes from your heart, inside of you.

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:33AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Why did you make baskets?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:34AM PST (-0800 GMT)
J, L, D: The first basket was made... we find in Yosemite Valley, the Indian people have been living in here for at least 4,000 years. So, looking at the question in that way, that was probably when the first baskets were made.

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:35AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Who weaved the first basket?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:36AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Kristen and Silvia: How do I make baskets that will last longer? We carefully select the materials that are strong and most of our materials are plants that love to have their feet in water, and of course, water is strength. So, you carefully weave your basket tight and you take care of your basket! For instance, when you use a basket for cooking, you soak the basket in water and then hot stones are injected into the basket and so you carefully move the hot stones around in the basket that has your acorn flour and water and when you're finished, you wash the basket. It's just like taking care of your favorite belongings.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:37AM PST (-0800 GMT)
J,L,D: How weaved the first basket? I think we can go back to the time, as I mentioned beforee, 4000 years when the Indians were living in the valley. We don't know who weaved the first basket, though.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:39AM PST (-0800 GMT)
I found a picture of two of my baskets on the internet at: button

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:39AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What do we use baskets for?

CJJ kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:39AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Hi Julia Parker, I want to know did the indiands always use the same materials all the time?

: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:39AM PST (-0800 GMT)

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:39AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What stuff did you use to make a basket?

Marissa/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:40AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Who invented the first basket?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:41AM PST (-0800 GMT)
J,L,D: What do we use baskets for? Today, we use them for carrying infants, cooking, gifts, trading, seeds, acorn mush.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:41AM PST (-0800 GMT)
We know that we use the same material all the time because we have old baskets in the museum... people have been collecting baskets for many years.

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:42AM PST (-0800 GMT)

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:42AM PST (-0800 GMT)

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:42AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What was the first basket use for?

Marissa/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:42AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Why did people ivent basket?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:43AM PST (-0800 GMT)
J,L,D: We don't know what the first one was used for!

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:43AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Marissa: In Yosemite Valley, the valley is a glacial made valley and there was no clay for pottery, so the people used the materials that came from along the river, such as willow and sedge roots.

sarah amy roger kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:44AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How many pounds will an average basket hold?

Samantha Leslie Daniel from Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:44AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What is the hardest part to make a basket?

Group 9 Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:44AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Who made the first baskets in North America?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:45AM PST (-0800 GMT)
S,A,R: How many pounds will an average basket hold? A cone-shaped basket-- a burden basked used to collect acorns could hold maybe 10 pounds of acorns, just roughly guessing.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:45AM PST (-0800 GMT)
The hardest part to making the basket is the beginning. Next hardest is the ending of the basket.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:46AM PST (-0800 GMT)
For a live video link to Yosemite this morning goto: button and take a look

Felicia,April kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:46AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Where was the first basket made in California?

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:47AM PST (-0800 GMT)
WHO WHERE THE FIRTS ONES TO DO BASKETS?

Monique/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:49AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What year was the first basket made in?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:49AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Who made the first baskets in North America? No one knows how long baskets have been made in N. America, but probably ever since the first people came here. Some anthropologists believe that soft twined basketry bags were brought by the first immigrants over the Bering Straits from Siberia over 10,000 years ago. Many native peoples have stories in their legendary background which explain the origins of basketmaking among their own people. (That came from our park's ethnographer, Craig Bates, who just happened to walk by.)

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:49AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How can we get free materials to weave a basket?

Kristen Silvia kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:50AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What are the baskets made of?

sarah amy roger kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:50AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How many years have you been making basket?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:50AM PST (-0800 GMT)
We don't know for use who made THE first baskets or where they were made.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:51AM PST (-0800 GMT)
J,L,D: It would be very hard to get free materials to make a basket. K,S: Baskets are made of willow sticks and strings, redbud sticks and strings, brackenfern root, bullrush root, sedge root, and grasses.

CJJ kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:51AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Hi Julia, This is CJJ. We wanted to know if it was true that in Mexico they burn it to keep the basket together and from falling apart?

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:52AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Do you have the name of the first person who weaved the fist basket?

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:53AM PST (-0800 GMT)
WHO made the first basket?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:53AM PST (-0800 GMT)
CJJ: I don't know if that's true or not... you'd have to ask someone from Mexico. We singe the dogbane string when we make rope or nets or bags or belts.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:54AM PST (-0800 GMT)
We don't know who made the first basket! The first basket was made *thousands* of years ago (maybe about 10,000)!

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:54AM PST (-0800 GMT)
In your introduction you say: : "Take from the earth and give back to the earth, and don't forget to say please and thank you." Would you comment on what that means to you as you make your baskets.

CJJ kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:55AM PST (-0800 GMT)
where did baskets come from?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:56AM PST (-0800 GMT)
"Take from the earth with a please, give back to the earth with a thank you." To me, it means we respect the earth and what she has given to us. And that if we give offerings that our basket material will be ready for us to make baskets.

Tommy - 6th grade - Ventura: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:56AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia: are the examples of your work in museums?

: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:56AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How did people make baskets?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:57AM PST (-0800 GMT)
CJJ: Craig answered that question a few minutes ago... it's believed that the native people, when they moved to North America about 10,000 years ago from the Siberia area, brought some things like baskets to N. America.

Monique/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:57AM PST (-0800 GMT)
why do people use baskets ?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:58AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How did people make baskets? If you can see the entire chat, we answered that at the beginning.

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:58AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Who invented the first basket?

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:58AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Where was the used for and why did you make them?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:58AM PST (-0800 GMT)
M: Why do people use baskets? In Yosemite Valley, the Miwok and Paiute used baskets for everyday use, like cooking, carrying infants, and if you look back earlier in the chat, you'll find a more complete answer.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 9:59AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Trilebites: One of the first baskets that I made was an infant carrier to carry my grandchild in. And it was made from willow sticks and strings and redbud strings.

Kela Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:00AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Were did baskets come from?

brittney/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:01AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How do people make baskets?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:02AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Kela, we just answered that question a minute ago... if you can see the earlier part of the chat, you'll find the answer.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:02AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Brittney, we just answered that question a minute ago also... if you can see the earlier part of the chat, you'll find the answer.

Trilebites/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:06AM PST (-0800 GMT)
WHO LONG DID BASLKEKS LAST BEFORE THEY BROKE

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:07AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - do both boys and girls trail for basketmaking or is it only for girls?

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:07AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How did the first basket look like?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:07AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Trilebites: We can use the cooking basket, for example, when you cook in a basket, we use heated stones (to heat the acorn meal and water) and if we forget to stir our stones, we'll have a hole in our basket. So, that could mean the basket would only last 10 minutes because the basket would have a big hole in it! But, we could patch the basket up and it would be useable again. A cooking basket could last for at least 3 years if we treated it well.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:08AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Camp Expedition Teams - remember to use the "Scroll Back" box in the chatroom to go back to earlier questions and answers. Put in 55 or a larger number, click the chat button and it will scoll you back to read what has been already discussed.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:08AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Both boys and girls, at a certain, age would be trained to make baskets. The boys, making bird traps, woodpecker traps. And the girls making a small baby cradle for holding a doll.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:09AM PST (-0800 GMT)
We're not sure what the first baskets looked like, though they might have looked like bags (sort of).

CJJ kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:09AM PST (-0800 GMT)
We did ol the baskets mad ara?

: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:09AM PST (-0800 GMT)
WHY basket are so inportan?

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:10AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - I have heard there is a growing interest in Basket Making - is there a Guild or Association in Caliornia of Basket Makers?

Jerry,Leset,Diane: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:10AM PST (-0800 GMT)
OF WHAT MATERIAL WAS THE FIRST BASKET MADE OF?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:11AM PST (-0800 GMT)
In Yosemite Valley, baskets were important because of every day use in the villages. If you go back to some of the questions we answered earlier, some of the uses are listed.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:12AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Timothy, yes, the is a growing interest in basketmaking, in California I helped start the California Indian Basket Association. The goal was to train young women, and however wanted to learn (male or female), how to make baskets and to keep the tradition of basketweaving ongoing.

Samual - 6th grade - ventura: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:12AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - which California Tribal group do you belong to?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:13AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Samual, I belong to the Kashia Pomo and Coast Miwok from the San Francisco area. They are neighboring tribes.

RS & Marty: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:13AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - do you meet with or talk with other basket makers from other tribal groups?

Felicia,April kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:14AM PST (-0800 GMT)
what was the first basket made from?

Jerry Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:14AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Where are baskets sale?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:15AM PST (-0800 GMT)
RS & Marty, Yes, I do meet with other basketmakers from other tribal groups. Such as the the Mono Lake weavers, the North Fork weavers, the Maidu weavers, the Washoe weavers, and of course, Pomo weavers and Karoke weavers.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:16AM PST (-0800 GMT)
oh, and Mission weavers from southern California.

Kristen kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:16AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Are baskets made from bark from the tree?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:16AM PST (-0800 GMT)
The first baskets were made from... probably the sedge roots and willows and all the other materials I mentioned earlier.

AMY,BRITTNEY,KIMBARK: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:16AM PST (-0800 GMT)
HJDFHJDYR

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:17AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Where are baskets sold? Check the internet! Also, in Yosemite Valley at the Museum Shop.

Jerry Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:17AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What is the color of the baskets?

Marissa/Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:18AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How much would a basket cost now?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:18AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Kristen: Some groups use bark of the trees, but I use the materials I mentioned before. In Yosemite Valley, we use tree bark to build our umachas, or homes.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:19AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Jerry: The color of baskets are light beige color and then we have a reddish-brown color (from the Redbud) and we have a very intense dark-black color (from the Brackenfern root).

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:20AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How much would a basket cost now? Here in Yosemite Valley, in the Indian museum, we have a Lucy Telles (not for sale) that costs a quarter of a million dollars! In the beginning it was sold for only $250! I think in our museum shop, we sell baskets from about $75 to several thousand dollars.

Samantha Leslie Daniel from Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:22AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What is the biggest basket ever made?

Jerry Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:24AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Where is the most baskets?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:24AM PST (-0800 GMT)
S,L,D: The biggest made can be seen in the archives on Manhattan Island (NY). I'm not sure how big it is, but it's like a big tub! Twelve women worked on it. I think I could have sat in it!

Kristen kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:25AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Did you make animals ferr for the baskets?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:25AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Jerry, That's a hard question to answer because the baskets are scattered all over from NY City to museums in the north, south, east, and west.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:26AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Kristen, one of the baskets I made... our little kittens crawled into it and slept in it! It was so cute when we made it... it was round and she just curled up in it.

Jerry Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:27AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Do you used baskets?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:28AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Jerry, yes I use baskets. I make them for gathering acorns and for gift baskets, giving away for gifts, and toy baskets. I use them for winnowing acorn flour. And seed baskets for gathering seeds. One of the first baskets I made was a cradleboard for my grandson.

Felicia,April kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:29AM PST (-0800 GMT)
In the hole world who invented the first basket.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:30AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Felicia, April-- again, we can get back to one of the first questions we answered. You can find the answer there. Put a big number (like 100) in the "Scroll Back" box and hit enter.

Jerry Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:32AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Do you know Museums in San Bernardino?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:33AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Jerry, I don't know about the museums in San Bernardino. Maybe the Chamber of Commerce could help you find a museum there.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:35AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Going back to the question about materials and how to make baskets. My daughter Lucy and I do go to public schools and can teach basketmaking, but using a fiber called raffia, which we get from the hobby shop.

Felicia,April kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:40AM PST (-0800 GMT)
What was the first name of the first basket.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:42AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Felicia and April, that's a hard question to answer because there were so many different tribes through California, US, Alaska, and Canada, so you would have to focus on one group of Indian people. Check the museums in your area. For Yosemite, I'd never even thought about that. The first basket I received was a cradleboard made by my husband's grandmother.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:43AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - I love to do weaving myself so I must ask, is there a close relationship between Weavers and Basketmakers you have known?

James Monroe Elem.: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:43AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Hello, this is Mr. Stock's class at James Monroe. Sorry we're late getting on line. We'll ask all of our questions in one message. You've probably answered most of them and we will read the earlier messages. 1. Are baskets fragile? 2. Is basket making fun? 3. What materials do you use? 4. What are the different uses for baskets? 5. Are baskets woven with multiple layers of fiber? 6. What kinds of designs are used on the baskets, what colors?

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:44AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Timothy, yes there is a close relationship between weavers and basketmakers that I've know of.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:45AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Are baskets fragile? Yes. Taking care of them will keep them strong, though.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:45AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Basketmaking to me is a way of life, and a way of life can be fun.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:46AM PST (-0800 GMT)
The materials I use include willow sticks and strings, redbud sticks and strings, brackenfern root, bullrush root, sedge root, and grasses.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:47AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Different uses for baskets include cradle baskets, cooking baskets to boil acorn mush in, small mush bowl baskets for eating acorn mush, winnowing baskets, gathering baskets, trade baskets, and (most important) gift baskets.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:48AM PST (-0800 GMT)
The baskets made with multiple layers of fiber are the grass baskets, weaving, and three-stick baskets and two-stick baskets (coiled method). Twining basket requires many sticks. A large cone-shaped basket might require 500-800 sticks.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:49AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Designs in baskets can be geometrical patterns such as diamonds, triangles, rectangles, zig-zags, straight lines. Designs can be made in bands, which is used in the coil method. Colors are sedge root (beige), brackenfern root (black), bullrush (black), California Redbud (red). Suntan willow, which is laid out in the sun to get suntanned.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:51AM PST (-0800 GMT)
These colors are from the Yosemite/Mono Lake area. There are other colors other Peoples use.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:51AM PST (-0800 GMT)
...and Pomo area.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:57AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Julia - thank you very much for sharing with us today. We look forward to learning more about your work as we study Native Californian's this year. And thank you Jeffrey for working with Julia to make this day possible.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:58AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Camp Internet Expedition Teams - remember to go to your Trail Guide web at button to read more.

Julia Parker: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 10:58AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Thanks for wanting to learn more about Californian Indian ways. Timothy - Thanks for your help! -Jeffrey

Jerry Kimbark: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 11:07AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Do you know Museums in San Bernardino?

Monroe: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 11:10AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Is it fun making or weving baskits?

Monroe: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 11:11AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Is it fun making or weving baskits?

Monroe: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 11:12AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Is it fun making or weving baskits? sammy

monroe school: . . . . Thu, Oct 21, 11:18AM PST (-0800 GMT)
kalee

bbgirl14: . . . . Fri, Oct 22, 9:51AM PST (-0800 GMT)
John Cabot discovered Canada

bbgirl14: . . . . Fri, Oct 22, 9:52AM PST (-0800 GMT)
How's it going out there European lovers?

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Fri, Oct 22, 11:04AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Let try to upload some images from the chat

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Fri, Oct 22, 11:06AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Image above is Jay - the Park Ranger who led the chat. Next image is the Geologists who led the volcano studies discussion.

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Fri, Oct 22, 11:07AM PST (-0800 GMT)
Here is a photo of the Volcano crater

Timothy - Camp Internet: . . . . Fri, Oct 22, 11:08AM PST (-0800 GMT)
active steam vents at the volcano

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