What is Asthma?
Asthma is a disease of the lungs that affects many adults and children. People with asthma have very sensitive air passages in their lungs. These air passages, called bronchial tubes, become swollen when an asthma flare happens.
Usually, the swelling happens as a reaction to things like a cold, exercise, cold air, cigarette smoke, dust, allergies, or household pets.
The swollen airways produce mucus and become narrow. This causes wheezing, coughing, or trouble breathing. Asthma is not the same in every person. For some, symptoms are mild. For others, they can be very serious. If you see your doctor regularly, however, you can learn about what causes asthma flare-ups and follow a treatment plan. Asthma symptoms can almost always be controlled.
There are four things that you can do to help control your/your child's asthma. These will help you lead a normal, active life: