Other flowers including bee balm, dahlias, cosmos, dianthus, day lilies,
geraniums, heliotrope, impatiens, lavender, marigolds, shasta daisy, snapdragon,
statice, sweet alyssum, sweet pea, sweet william, zinnias and many members
of the mint family are also great nectar sources for butterflies.
Flowering trees and shrubs which also provide nectar for butterflies include:
red flowering current
butterfly bush (Buddleia)
Caterpillars, the voracious larvae of butterflies, must also have food.
Plants that provide caterpillars food include alfalfa, anise, clover,
fennel, hollyhock, mallow, lupine, milkweed, nasturtium, snapdragon, sunflower,
violet, cottonwood, poplar, willow, oak and horse chestnut.
In particular, Western tiger swallowtail caterpillars love alder, cherry,
elm, maple, poplar and willows.
Anise swallowtail larvae love members of the parsley family such as fennel,
dill and cow parsnip.
Nettles and hops are favorites of the red admiral.
And painted lady caterpillars love borage, burdock and centaurea.
For resting and sunning, shrubs provide a safe place out of the wind for
Rocks placed in the sun or sunny bare patches out of the way of foot traffic
are also great resting spots.
cannot drink from open water.
The best way to provide drinking water is to have some wet mud somewhere
in the yard where butterflies can land safely and sip.
Or mist your plants early in the morning and they will sip from the water
Misting plants later in the day may cause fungus problems.
Avoid the indiscriminate use of pesticides in the yard. Butterflies have
become increasingly uncommon in urban and suburban areas because of pesticides
and habitat loss.