Planting Guide


Vegetable Start plants this long before planting date for your region

Planting Date

Amount to plant for family of 4a

Distance between rowsb

Distance apart in the row

Artichokes (globe) Crown pieces Aug-Nov,  Apr-Jun 3-4 plants 48-60" 48-60"
Asparagus 1 year Feb.-March 30-40 plants 60" 12"
Beans (lima) not suitable May-June 15-25' of row 12-24" 4-6" bush, 12-24" pole
Beans (snap) not suitable May-July 15-25' of row 12-24" 2-6" bush, 12-24" pole
Beets not suitable March-June 10-15' of row 12" 1-2"
Broccoli 6 weeks March-Aug. 10-20' of row 12-24" 12-24"
Brussels sprouts 6 weeks May-July 15-20' of row 24" 24"
Cabbage 6 weeks April-June 10-15 plants 24" 24"
Cantaloupes 4 weeks May 5-10 hills 48" 48"
Carrots not suitable March-July 15 20-30' of row 12" 2"
Cauliflower 6 weeks April-July 15 10-15 plants 24" 24"
Celery 9 weeks March-July 20-30' of row 24" 5"
Chard not suitable April-July 3-4 plants 24" 12 inches
Chinese cabbage 4 weeks August 10-15' of row 30" 6"
Chives 6 weeks March-May 1 clump Needs 4 sq ft Scatter
Corn (sweet) not suitable April-June 4 rows, 20-30' long 36" 15"
Cucumbers (slicing) 4 weeks May-June 6 plants 48" 24"
Cucumbers (pickling) 4 weeks May-June 25' of row 48" 6-12"
Dill not suitable May 25' of row 24" 6-9"
Eggplants 9 weeks May 4-6 plants 24" 24"
Endive 6 weeks April-Aug. 15 10-15' of row 12" 10"
Garlic not suitable Sept.-Feb. 10-20' of row 18" 3"
Kale not suitable May-July 20-30' of row 24" 24"
Kohlrabi not suitable April-Aug. 15 10-15' 24" 3"
Leeks not suitable March-May 10' of row 24" 2"
Lettuce (head) 5 weeks April-July 10-15' of row 12" 12"
Lettuce (leaf) 5 weeks April-Aug. 10-15' of row 12" 6"
Okra 8 weeks not suitable 10-20' of row 24" 18"
Onions 10 weeks Mar.-May 30-40' of row 12" 3"
Parsley 10 weeks Mar.-June 1-2 plants 12" 8"
Parsnips not suitable April-May 10-15' of row 24" 3"
Peas, Garden or English not suitable Feb.-May 30-40' of row 36" bush, 48" vine 2"
Peppers 10 weeks May-June 5-10 plants 24" 12-18"
Potatoes (sweet) 6 weeks not suitable 50-100' of row 48" 12"
Potatoes (white) not suitable April-June 50-100' of row 30" 12"
Pumpkins 4 weeks May 1-3 plants 72" 48"
Radish not suitable March-Sept. 4' of row 12" 1"
Rhubarb Crown pieces March-April 2-3 plants 48" 36"
Rutabagas not suitable June-July 10-15' of row 24" 3"
Spinach not suitable April & Sept. 10-20' of row 12" 3"
Squash (summer) 4 weeks May-June 2-4 plants 48" 24"
Squash (winter) 4 weeks May 2-4 plants 72" 48"
Tomatoes 8 weeks May 10-15 plants 36-48" 24-36"
Turnips not suitable Apr.-Sept. 10-15' of row 24" 2"
Watermelons 4 weeks May 6 plants 72" 60"

a For many of the crops, the amount to plant should be divided into several plantings, 1 or 2 weeks apart.
b Use narrower spacing for small gardens.