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Biology


Introduction




Biology is the science of life.

The Science of Biology embraces life on earth, in the oceans and in the Micro-cosom of bacteria and the seeminly endless other life forms which live at a microscopic level.

We will meet with Trail Guides during this years Biology Study who have had deep water organizisms named after them, experts in plant biology and a remarkable Trail Guide who has helped created the theory of "Living Systems", a new and important part of our biology studies.

The term Biology was first used in Germany in the 1800's. It was popularized by the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck as a means of encompassing the growing number of disciplines involved with the study of living forms.

The unifying concept of biology received its greatest stimulus from the English zoologist Thomas Henry Huxley, who was also an important educator.

Huxley insisted that the conventional segregation of zoology and botany was intellectually meaningless and that all living things should be studied in an integrated way.

Huxley’s approach to the study of biology is even more cogent today, because scientists now realize that many lower organisms are neither plants nor animals (see Prokaryote; Protista).

The limits of the science, however, have always been difficult to determine, and as the scope of biology has shifted over the years, its subject areas have been changed and reorganized. Today biology is subdivided into hierarchies based on the molecule, the cell, the organism, and the population.