Amelia Earhart

(1897-1937) American aviator

Certificate of Landing

for her great flight as

First Woman to Fly Solo Across the Atlantic

(May 21, 1932)

and as

The Second Person Ever to Fly Solo Across the Atlantic

(May 21, 1932)

(Lindbergh was the first)

A failed altimeter, Thunder storms, buffeting, a precipitous drop of 3000 feet, the plane began to spin, flames trailing wildly from a broken engine weld, vibrations starting from the weakened metal.

In 1928, Earhart was the first woman to fly (as a passenger) across the Atlantic, On May 21, 1932 she then set a record by making her own solo crossing in just 13 hours 15 minutes.

Amelia Earhart took off from Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, at twelve minutes after seven in the evening, May 20, 1932. She opened the engine for the rush of take off. Good weather continued for several hours; the moon came up to guide her. Then the altimeter failed. This was followed by a severe thunderstorm that buffeted the Lockheed. The barograph, an instrument that records on a disc the course of the plane and its rate of ascent and descent, was working and recorded an almost vertical drop of 3,000 feet. The plane began to spin but she was able to right it and hold level again through the darkness. Then she saw flames trailing from a broken weld on the manifold ring of the engine. With daylight, the leaking flame looked less ominous. As the hours dragged on, flames from an exhaust manifold burnt wildly, the weakening metal was vibrating and when she turned on the reserve tanks she found they had a leaky gauge. She dropped down along the coast, flew low and knew she must land. She landed at Springfield, six miles from Londonderry Ireland, at two thirty on Saturday afternoon, May 21. The first person who saw her on landing was Dan M'Callion, a farm laborer who said "I saw the plane landing in a field and went up to it. I reached the plane just as Miss Earhart left the cockpit. I asked her where she came from and she replied from the States.