Niccolo Machiavelli

(May 3, 1469, Florence-June 21, 1527, Florence)
Italian writer and statesman, Florentine patriot, and original political theorist whose principal work, The Prince , brought him a reputation of amoral cynicism.

Machiavelli was secretary of the "Council of Ten of Liberty and Peace in Florence " during the French dominance over Florence. His main duty was to insure the respective dominance of Florence over neighboring Pisa!! In this letter he announces that he is busy dealing with a new siege against Pisa and that during the fighting, Pisa will be off limits for Florentines. The letter was written by a secretary but the annotations are in the hand of Machaivelli.